According to the Hill Times Top 100 Best Non-fiction books of 2019, the Darryl Leroux book, Distorted Descent has been named #22 on the list.
Distorted Descent examines a social phenomenon that has taken off in the twenty-first century, whereby white, French descendant settlers in Canada have taken the steps to shift into a self-defined “Indigenous” identity based on discovering an Indigenous ancestor born 300 to 375 years ago through genealogy and using that ancestor as the sole basis for an eventual shift into an “Indigenous” identity today.
The Hill Times top 100 list is available HERE
Written by Isabelle Hachey (@ihachey) for La Presse
It was while reading the newspaper last week that I discovered a secret.
You know, the Indigenous ancestor of Marie-Josée Parent, who was introduced to us as the first Indigenous councillor in the history of the City of Montréal when she was elected in 2017, is also ... mine.
This ancestor, Michel Haché dit Gallant (1663-1737), is indeed the patriarch of all Haché - and linked names such as Hachey, Hachez, Aché, etc. - from Acadia.
But there’s a rumour about his father Michel. It is said that his father, who came straight from France, married an "Indian". Although ... maybe not.
For a long time, this man’s origins have divided Acadian genealogists. "The issue of Michel Haché's Indigenous blood is still uncertain," we read in [the Moncton-based newspaper] L'Acadie Nouvelle in 2016.
But whatever! This potential Indigenous ancestor, who lived three centuries ago, was enough for [city] councillor Marie-Josée Parent to claim to be a member of the Mi'kmaw community.
Until last week, she was responsible for reconciliation between the City of Montreal and Indigenous peoples.
Before being elected, she was Co-Chair of the Montreal Indigenous Community’s Urban Strategy Network.
She was also the Executive Director of DestiNations, a subsidized organization that sought to establish an Indigenous Cultural Embassy in Montréal.
For years, Marie-Josée Parent pulled the wool over our eyes. The media, [some] Indigenous people, the government, her colleagues, the mayor, elected officials, her constituents.
Let's be clear: she’s no more Indigenous than me.
Let's be even clearer: she lied knowingly about her origins.
She pretended to be what she isn’t in order to create and run an "Indigenous" organization, then was elected and landed a senior position on the City's Executive Committee.
Once there, it’s not only cultural appropriation, it's identity theft. It's trickery.
And she gets away with a slap on the wrists.
According to the official version, Marie-Josée Parent herself decided to abandon her job involving reconciliation last week, when her Indigenous origins were questioned by two genealogists.
To avoid causing unnecessary distraction, we were told.
"It demonstrates her good faith and sensitivity around these issues of identity," said Mayor Valérie Plante.
Her good faith? Sorry, but I don’t subscribe to that.
Her sensitivity? Even less so!
In 2017, Marie-Josée Parent told La Presse that her mother was Acadian and that her father was Mi’kmaq. "I was raised in this culture, with these values and this vision of the world. "
Except that ... the councillor was raised in Gatineau. And that her father isn’t Mi’kmaq.
The genealogist Éric Pouliot-Thisdale traced her paternal lineage back to the early days of New France. The only Indigenous ancestor (or not) he discovered there was Michel Haché.
The genealogist posted the results of his research on his blog. The media seized on it.
Marie-Josée Parent immediately presented herself as a victim. On CBC, she complained about being the target of "genealogical violence."
As far as I know, Éric Pouliot-Thisdale only explained the truth. It can be humiliating, it can hurt, but the elected official should’ve thought of all that beforehand.
Far from apologizing, the councillor denied the evidence. She argued that Pouliot-Thisdale’s research was "only partially correct," but declined to say how it contained errors.
It's all too easy.
Marie-Josée Parent contented herself with a communiqué to "explain" - a very big word indeed - that her feelings of belonging to the Mi'kmaq nation "emerge from her family’s oral tradition."
So yes, you know, at Christmas parties, when your uncle told you that there was "Indian blood" in the family?
It seems that Marie-Josée Parent has taken this Québécois myth, tenacious but unfounded, a little too literally.
Mayor Valérie Plante didn’t verify Parent’s Indigenous origins when she offered her a position on the Executive Committee.
It’s hard to imagine the mayor asking elected officials for a copy of their family tree. As it’s difficult to imagine an employer requiring a DNA test of its employees. It’s a slippery slope that everybody wants to avoid.
However, reflection is necessary. Perhaps we should start demanding some form of proof from those who proclaim themselves to be “Métis” because it has become an epidemic. The phenomenon has exploded over the past ten years.
The number of "Métis" in Québec jumped by 149% between the 2006 and 2016 censuses. There’s no logic to it. No birth booms among the “Métis.” In fact, there isn’t even a recognized “Métis” community in the province!
The only explanation is that thousands of white individuals suddenly declared themselves to be Indigenous. Some people discovered a vague ancestor and bingo, they say they’re “Métis.” Others haven’t even made that much effort.
They simply ticked a box. Not much more complicated than that. It's enough to feel Indigenous... The phenomenon is so popular that it has even been given a name: race-shifting, in English.
One wears a fringed coat, a tight necklace around the neck and feathered earrings. We order a dream catcher made in China on Amazon.
We join a phony community that issues a phony "status card" that saves us taxes from uninformed merchants.
We claim “ancestral” hunting and fishing territories [and rights].
We even invent an "Indian" name - Bear, Blue Eagle, Seven Crows - and we travel to Europe with crystals and healing plants to boom-boom on an [Indigenous] drum.
We call ourselves "Elders" and we get lucrative contracts in federal penitentiaries to help Indigenous inmates reconnect with their spirituality.
We do all of this without any fear of ridicule. We claim rights and privileges ... without ever, in our lives, having faced racism, the trauma of residential schools or the human tragedies that still tear too many Indigenous communities apart in Québec.
This cynical sham has lasted long enough.
(Translated by Darryl Leroux (@DarrylLeroux), author of Distorted Descent: White Claims to Indigenous Identity)
Translated from CBC Radio [Original Article HERE]
Genealogy researchers question the Aboriginal ancestry of Councilor Marie-Josée Parent, “the first Aboriginal elected official in the City of Montreal,” who claims to be a “Metis” of Mi’kmaq and Acadian descent. This accusation is categorically denied by the politician, who has decided to withdraw from the reconciliation file entrusted to her by the mayor last year.
Elected in November 2017 under the banner of Team Coderre, the city councilor in the borough of Verdun joined the ranks of the Montreal Project party this year.
In August 2018, she was entrusted with the issue of reconciliation with indigenous peoples by joining the executive committee of Valérie Plante's administration. Reconciliation has always been one of her priorities when she entered politics, she told Radio-Canada in an interview.
Parent, who worked before her election in various Montreal Aboriginal cultural organizations, has always said publicly that her mother is Acadian and her father Mi’kmaq. “I was raised in this culture, with these values and this vision of the world,” she told La Presse when she was elected two years ago.
However, genealogy researcher Éric Pouliot-Thisdale found no indigenous ancestry in her father’s lineage. The former contributor to Kahnawake's The Eastern Door recently researched the family tree of Parent to the earliest ancestors of France using data from public archives. According to his research, one of her father’s ancestors, Michel Haché-Gallant (1663-1737), had been the subject of rumors about an alleged Métis ancestry. But this information has been denied by parish registers, Thisdale says.
"You see a form of opportunism in all of this, and it's very obvious," says the Innu and Mohawk-born historian, who says he is acting for the public good. "The idea wasn't to point the finger at a particular person, but it's one example among others of people or organizations in Montreal that are providing services to Aboriginal people by calling themselves Aboriginal and are not.”
Researcher Dominique Ritchot also separately researched Parent’s family tree - the maternal and paternal lineages. Although she found no aboriginal ancestry on the paternal side, she found a Mi’kmaq ancestor on the maternal side, in the previous 12th generation.
"Lots of Quebecers say they have a Native American grandmother. And often you go back in line and realize that it's either not true, or it's in the 12th generation," says Ritchot who is a coordinator at the French Canadian Genealogical Society. Ritchot recalls that in Quebec, the civil registry "is complete from 1621 to 2019." Original baptism or marriage certificates, military documents... "All documents are public, nothing is hidden. You have to be extremely unlucky to be unable to identify someone who has set foot in New France.”
Parent believes that the findings of the two genealogy researchers are "inaccurate." Parent said, "There are elements in the family tree that don't fit with what you have as a document," without wanting to go into detail about what is wrong with Ritchot and Thisdale’s findings. Parent did acknowledge that does not know which community her family comes from, nor does she have a status card.
In her defense, Parent stated that the review of her ancestry constitutes a "form of genealogical violence that is not part of traditional practices". She continued, "Our identities to me and my sister go beyond a family tree," she says.
Marie-Josée's sister, André-Yanne Parent, has also worked for various organizations that support Aboriginal communities, including Youth Fusion and DestiNATIONS. She tried her luck in municipal politics in 2013.
In the wake of the accusations, the 36-year-old Parent said she had made the decision to withdraw from the reconciliation file.
"My intention was never to offend anyone," Parent said, also announcing that she has chosen not to "publicly identify" as Aboriginal. However, she will remain a city councilor.
The issue of self-identification is particularly sensitive in Quebec and the Maritime provinces, where the number of people calling themselves Aboriginal or Métis has exploded in the latest Statistics Canada censuses.
"Sometimes it's stories that happen in the family or there's a founding myth in an Acadian or Quebec population," says Darryl Leroux, a professor at St Mary’s University in Nova Scotia, who has written extensively on the issue of "self-indigenization”. He estimates that about 200,000 people identify as Métis in Quebec and the Maritimes, a figure that has only grown since various Supreme Court decisions, including Aboriginal rights.
In Winnipeg, the self-proclaimed Huron-Wendat identity of a city councilor, Sherri Rollins, was questioned last year by Aboriginal people and genealogists. They found that she was not a member of any Aboriginal community.
A recent letter to the Editor in the Cape Breton Post shows the mental gymnastics required to explain the "hidden" nature of Métis want-to-be in Eastern Canada.
Letter to the Editor
I am an eastern Métis Nation indigenous native Indian.
As it is well known, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and the Liberal party gave the Métis in Ontario, Saskatchewan and Alberta their status rights on July 1, 2019.
I am of French and Mi’kmaq ancestry, but there are many different Metis and nationalities on the East coast of Canada. We have native blood and heritage and we are very proud of this.
Unfortunately, Mr. Trudeau and the Liberal party, all other political parties and indigenous native chiefs show disrespect and prejudice against our people.
My question is when will eastern Métis Nations peoples receive the rights that we deserve and respect for our heritage that we are so proud of.
My ancestors were not allowed to say they were Métis and were called unflattering names and treated like animals.
(Member of the Eastern Metis Nation)
MMF Applauds Harvester Card Decision for Mi'kmaq Nation
September 26, 2019
Winnipeg MB - Today the Manitoba Metis Federation (MMF) is applauding the Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq Chiefs (ANSMC) for creating a system of ID cards for those who qualify for treaty hunting and fishing rights in the province.
“First and foremost, I want to congratulate the ANSMC for this historic step in self-governance,” said MMF President David Chartrand. “These harvester cards help to ancestrally connect the First Peoples of Nova Scotia and identify who truly qualifies to exercise traditional practices. Rules and laws pertaining to this issue are not new to Indigenous Nations in Canada. We have been practicing these indigenous laws both orally and in writing for centuries.”
The Harvester Card system in Nova Scotia mirrors the one created by the MMF in 2004 as part of its Constitution. The Metis Harvesting Initiative was the first of its kind in Canada. It includes a Harvest Registration, ID Cards, a Metis Conservation Trust Fund, a Metis Management System, and Metis Laws of the Harvest. The Initiative guarantees the harvesting rights for Metis Citizens on their traditional homeland.
“This system also clears up any misconceptions about who has true ancestral rights to harvest,” said President Chartrand. “I have been very concerned about some hunters in the Maritimes using questionable ID, including those who identify as Metis. This new system ensures that people with no inherent rights to these natural resources, will have to stop trying to take advantage of the system.”
“This new Harvesting system now takes that agreement one step further,” added President Chartrand. “Not only does this clear the air about who has the right to harvest, it also confirms that so-called Eastern Metis do not have any claim to ancestral connections to Eastern Canada. There is only one Metis Nation, and it is NOT located on the eastern shores of this country.”
For media information, please contact:
Director - Communications
Manitoba Metis Federation
Office: (204) 586-8474 x324
Cell: (204) 806-4752
By: Tessa Vanderhart, Winnipeg Free Press
The Manitoba Metis Federation is offering a $10,000 reward for tips that lead to a conviction in the murder or disappearance of community members.
"It will give a tool, an extra tool, that RCMP or WPS can use to find them," said president David Chartrand Saturday, after announcing the policy at the MMF’s Annual General Assembly.
Some of the details are still being worked out with police, but Chartrand said the policy will take effect "immediately" and apply to all Métis, "whether a boy or a girl, a man or a woman."
MMF justice minister Julyda Lagimodiere’s personal loss informed her work on the policy. Her grandson Christopher Ponask was killed just days before his 20th birthday in 2008, and she still tears up when talking about him.
"I just know, from personal trauma, how difficult it is, what that kind of misfortune is," she said.
Ponask was found dead near a gas station in Thompson, and no one has ever been charged in his death.
She hopes the reward will help other families, especially those with loved ones are still missing.
"I feel for those people even more, that don’t have a body to have a funeral for," she said. "It doesn’t bring them back, but it helps with the closure. It helps very much with the closure."
Lagimodiere has custody of Ponask’s daughter who was born after his death, a constant reminder of her love for her grandson.
"She cries for her dad that she’s never met," she said.
Chartrand said he’s prepared to spend even $100,000 or even $500,000 a year on rewards.
He said all too often, families feel they have to offer whatever reward they can afford.
"They’re pleading with the killers, to say ‘just tell us, where is the body, so we can have peace in our family,’ that’s how desperate they are," he said. "We’ve got to find ways to make a difference."
Any type of support for families of missing and murdered is good news, said Hilda Anderson-Pyrz, MMIWG liaison for Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak.
"Anything that any organization can do to support a family of someone who is missing is a good thing, and if they have the financial means to do that, even better," Anderson-Pyrz said.
Many Indigenous communities don’t have the money for that kind of support, she said.
Equally important are resources for family to cope with the trauma of losing a loved one, especially to violence, she said.
A REPORT BY ISABELLE HACHEY AND MARCO CAMPANOZZI of LAPRESSE+
English Translation by Metis Nation News
Luc Michaud spreads a map of Quebec on the table. The plan covers the territory of Eeyou Itschee Baie-James, between the 49 th and 55 th parallels. A vast northern expanse, largely uninhabited and as large as Germany. Nearly 350 000 km 2 of forests, lakes and wild rivers.
Despite the vastness of the territory, Luc Michaud and the members of his group feel more and more cramped. They show two tiny spots at the bottom of the map: the "enclaves", they say, of Chibougamau and Chapais. To hear them, they are now virtually confined.
It's not the fault of the Crees, they insist. But it must be said that since the signing of the James Bay Agreement in 1975, the representatives of this Aboriginal people have shown that they know how to negotiate. Over the course of the treaties with the government, they got the biggest piece of the pie. "We, we suffer," says Luc Michaud.
Excluded from these historic talks, these men who have spent their entire lives in the North now see themselves as left behind. Three years ago, they decided to be heard ... by creating an Aboriginal community in Chibougamau.
"We wanted to be on the winning side. " - Luc Michaud, leader of the self-proclaimed Métis of Chibougamau
The 59-year-old city council member, blue-eyed and red-faced, is the leader of these self-proclaimed Métis. He admits he does not know exactly who his native ancestors are. This did not prevent him from wearing an impressive headdress during a visit to Paris in the summer of 2017. Nor to multiply the meetings with elected officials in the hope of obtaining official recognition for his community, which today has nearly 400 members, including some politicians and prominent entrepreneurs in the small mining and forestry town of 7600 inhabitants.
A POPULAR MOVEMENT
The "Métis" of Chibougamau joined a movement that has exploded in Quebec for a dozen years: that of Whites who proclaim themselves Métis - and claim the rights and privileges attached to them - by invoking disputed genetic tests or vague indigenous ancestors.
The number of Quebeckers who identified themselves as Métis with Statistics Canada in 2016 jumped 149% from 2006 - faster than anywhere else in the country. No less than 69,360 Quebecers today call themselves Métis. There is no Métis community recognized in the province.
Professor at Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Darryl Leroux has been studying this movement for four years. He identified some twenty "Métis" organizations active in Quebec. Many of them use membership fees to fund legal battles and seek official recognition in court.
None has yet arrived.
Professor Leroux also discovered that the origin of the movement can not be explained solely by a quest for collective identity. In eastern Quebec, Métis groups were created in response to First Nations land claims.
"It's a political strategy to oppose Mi'kmaq and Innu. " - Darryl Leroux, Professor, Saint Mary's University, Halifax
One example: on the North Shore, a man who once defended the "white rights" of an anti-Aboriginal organization - and did not hesitate to treat the Innu as "Red Taliban" in the media locals - presents itself today as a ... Métis clan leader!
Rather than continue his fight against the claims of the natives, this man now claims to be theirs - and have, too, ancestral rights. The same strategy was observed in Gaspésie and Saguenay. It now seems to have been adopted in Nord-du-Québec.
WHITE AND BITTER
The president of Forages Chibougamau, Serge Larouche, does not hide his bitterness when we mention the treaty of the Peace of the Braves, signed in 2002. "The communities [cries] receive how much per year? We are peanuts here. [...] We do not even have a community hall in Chibougamau anymore! "
Serge Larouche is a founding member of the "Métis" community of Chibougamau, just like his brother Steve, who was the "vice-chief" and financed the activities. The two brothers' drilling business has been part of the city's landscape for over 50 years. Until then, they had never mentioned an indigenous root.
Serge Larouche cultivates a feeling of obvious injustice in the face of the concessions made to the Cree people by the government. "We have no rights. "
"Can I fish without having to take a license? I want to take a license, but why can other adjacent communities put in a net anytime? " - Serge Larouche, President of Chibougamau Drilling
Under the James Bay Agreement, the Cree have the right to hunt and fish as they wish on their ancestral lands. The inhabitants of Chibougamau are subject to the same rules as all Quebeckers: to hunt and fish, they must obtain a permit.
Robert Haché, another founding member, regrets not being able to hunt like the Crees. "They have the right to come around our camps to hunt our moose. We can not say anything. Why can not I [hunting moose], like them, winter? "
RECRUITMENT AT THE PENITENTIARY
It was by chance that Robert Haché met Guillaume Carle, the controversial "grand chief" of the Confederation of Aboriginal Peoples of Canada (CPAC).
In 2011, Robert Haché was sentenced to four years in prison for drug trafficking. At the reception center in Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines, he was asked if he was Aboriginal - a routine issue for new inmates.
Robert Haché remembered his uncle's discussions about the "Indian blood" circulating in the family. He tried his luck.
At Cowansville Penitentiary, a practitioner submitted a list of organizations willing to represent him. "I got the first one off the edge. It was CPAC, which is not recognized by either Ottawa or the Assembly of First Nations. Its great leader, Guillaume Carle, is widely regarded as a usurper of the Aboriginal identity, as revealed by a survey of La Presse in November.
Nevertheless, it was proposed to Robert Haché to become a member of his group, without further verification. "The way we determine whether an offender is Aboriginal is based on the principle of self-reporting," says Kathleen Angus, Regional Administrator of Aboriginal Initiatives in Correctional Service Canada.
This is how Robert Haché obtained his CPAC membership card - a document without legal value - at the penitentiary.
"I fell in the wing of the Amerindians. We had a lot more benefits. " - Robert Haché, Self-proclaimed Métis
Tobacco. Moose meat. But above all, a single occupancy cell.
Robert Haché remembers that one day an Aboriginal elder working in the prison warned him: "There are many people who take the card from Guillaume. Be careful. He ignored the warning.
A SUBSIDIARY IN CHIBOUGAMAU
Shortly after his release from prison, Guillaume Carle asked him to create a community affiliated with CPAC in Chibougamau. "He wanted me to open a community here," says Robert Haché, who hails from the city. "I tried it. "
The founding meeting took place on November 28, 2015 in a disused bar on the main street of Chibougamau. Twenty people were present, including Guillaume Carle, Robert Haché and the Larouche brothers.
"It was so anything! "Recalls Myriam Gaudreault, a lawyer who attended the meeting with her husband, Alexandre Cyr. "What really angered us was that there was not a shout there. The couple believed - wrongly - that the new organization would serve as a bridge between the two communities.
In the old bar, Guillaume Carle took a saliva sample of those present, to determine their percentage of indigenous blood. "He was doing DNA testing without gloves. He put [the sampling stick] in people's mouths, took it out with his fingers and went on to the next, "wondered Alexandre Cyr.
The couple distanced themselves after this meeting. But others stayed. Soon, the community was going to be very popular in Chibougamau.
"Everyone wanted to be on board. Everybody ! It was overflowing. I worked one day a week just doing the DNA tests. The world called me, it was not dizzying. " - Luc Michaud
No less than 550 of the city's 7600 inhabitants paid $ 250 to pass the DNA test, according to Luc Michaud. None of them were rejected in the community - not even an Irish immigrant, whose test strangely revealed that native blood was flowing through her veins.
The saliva samples were analyzed by Viaguard Accu-Metrics, a Toronto lab that also discovered Aboriginal roots last year to CBC journalists of Russian and Indian descent. The lab even got positive results from samples taken on ... dogs!
Viaguard Accu-Metrics owner Harvey Tenenbaum declined to comment on the revelations, citing pending lawsuits.
The report did not shake Luc Michaud. "DNA tests, I trust them 100% if it's done right. There are murderers with that. He admits that the "crisis" caused by the CBC and La Presse reports has nonetheless caused him to lose 160 members.
Those who remained received - for $80 - a plastic card from CPAC that wrongly states that the holder "is an aboriginal person within the meaning of section 35 of the Constitution Act of Canada (1982) and is entitled to aboriginal rights applicable ".
Notable members of the city include the Executive Director of the Community Futures Development Corporation, a former aspiring mayor and two of the six councilors. "Even my deputy in Chibougamau is a member," sighs the MP Roméo Saganash, himself from the Cree community. "I do not interfere with his personal belongings, he is a good worker", he hastens to add, without hiding that he finds "desolate" the popularity of this group "Métis" in full Cree territory.
"I was surprised by the craze. I was told, "Manon, did you do your saliva test?" - Manon Cyr, Mayor of Chibougamau
Some of the citizens of Mayor Cyr hoped to use their card to obtain tax exemptions when buying goods. "I said," Take care, because it's not legal. You will never be recognized. "
Unlike the former mayor of Saguenay Jean Tremblay, who financially supported the local "Métis" movement and opposed territorial negotiations with the Innu of his region, Mayor Cyr has no time to lose. with the "Métis" community of Chibougamau. "I'm going to be a bit straightforward: for me, it's an NPO. The equivalent, she says, of "a Golden Age Club or a Nursing Club".
The mediation of Indigenous identity in Canada cannot be disentangled from the ways that non-Indigenous Canadians attempt to mediate their own settler identities. For significant numbers of non-Indigenous Canadians, this mediation occurs through uncritical and problematic mobilizations of what is often perceived to be Métis identity—an identity which, for many with little connection to Indigenous histories or politics, simply signifies the mixing of cultures, Indigenous and non-Indigenous. Indeed, countless Canadians who otherwise would not identify themselves as Indigenous, will inevitably cite a distant First Nations or Métis relative, claiming they themselves are Métis, part-Métis, or possess Métis heritage. Hardly a month goes by that notions of “Métis-ness” do not appear to be up for debate, or, more often, especially in the east, uncritically championed as part of Canada’s own national identity.
The one-drop rule is a social and legal principle of racial classification that was historically prominent in the United States and Canada in the 19th and 20th centuries as a way to marginalize minority populations. It asserted that any person with even one ancestor of questionable heritage (in most cases sub-Saharan African ancestry) having just "one drop" such blood was considered not white.
The use of the one drop rule was a fundamental tool used by racists to control people of color and was a weapon of white supremacy.
Now, in the 21st century, there is a marked push among some white people - propelled by ancestral DNA testing, genealogical research, and a strange vogue - to reverse the one drop rule and to use it to assert their dominance and privilege to retroactively declare themselves indigenous based on the assumed existence of a single ancestor (or marginal DNA) as a means of self-identifying as Indian, or Metis.
While such antics seem harmless in most cases, some people have taken this new "reverse" one-drop rule and have used it to try to push claims to aboriginal rights, indigenous scholarships, and other activities where their white privilege allows them to flourish while hiding behind a mask they can put on and take off at will. This has even led some one-drop, race-shifting groups to take Canada to court to try to push for hunting or land rights reserved for actual indigenous people.
What is your opinion on this subject?
A self-declared "Metis" makes the case for the one-drop rule in the video above.
Indigenous anthropologist and historian, Kade Ferris, has been researching the cultures and history of the Ojibwe, Cree, and Metis people of the upper-Midwest for over 25 years. During this time, Kade has worked with dozens of tribal communities, and has collected numerous archival and oral historic accounts, found hundreds of interesting historical snippets, and is now sharing the fruits of his research with readers.
A collection of twenty-three “Little Histories” related to the Metis and Plains Ojibwe people. These Little histories are vivid, short historical excerpts that are presented in digest form, like the old Harper’s Weekly or Readers Digest, where they can be easily read and easily remembered, like a storybook. Stories include tales about old time bush dances, battles, buffalo hunts, chiefs and leaders, and more. While small, these histories are inspiring and entertaining. They provide vital information on some of the most interesting events, people, and places in a deceptively simple, engaging way that takes you, the reader, back into the past to look at these snippets from time through bite size chapters, making these little histories perfect for casual reading, as bedtime stories, or to educate yourself without the need for in-depth research.
More essential history of the Ojibwe and Metis people of the northern prairies of the United States and Canada.
This book features short histories, fascinating stories, lists of names from petitions, treaties, and grand councils, and more.
A vital source for history that can be shared and remembered .
Giiwenh! So the story goes...
Featuring over two dozen traditional legends and stories of the Anishinaabe, including tales of bravery, love, magic, and dangerous events.
A wonderful collection to read to your family to learn about the rich culture and heritage of the Ojibwe and Cree people of the forests and prairies of North America.
Great stories for young and old alike.
The Falcon: A narrative of the captivity and adventures of John Tanner, during thirty-years residence among the Indians in the interior of North ... with Historical Annotations and Translations
Edited with historical annotations and translations, John Tanner's seminal autobiography tells the story of a man who, over the course of 30 years, became almost fully assimilated into Anishinaabe society and culture - coming to view the world almost completely through an indigenous lens.
The narrative includes fascinating stories of survival, daring hunting, starvation, sickness, and coming home to the white world only to return to the only life he had become accustomed to: that of an Indigenous person.