It's possible to be registered as Métis in one of the regional organizations (MNO, MMF, MNS, MNA, or MNBC).
Due to the 2003, the Supreme Court of Canada judgement in R. v. Powley, a new definition was set forth, formalizing the components of a Métis definition for the purpose of claiming Aboriginal rights under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. These are:
• Self-identification as a member of a Métis community.
• Ancestral connection to the historic Métis community whose practices ground the right in question
• Acceptance by the modern community with continuity to the historic Métis community.
As such, to be registered as Métis, you must apply to the Métis Registry operated by the MNC Governing Member in the province in which you reside. The guidelines for each vary slightly to accommodate regional nuances, but all follow the following agreed on criterion:
When you apply for citizenship as a Métis, you will receive a letter of acceptance and will be eligible for a citizenship card, with the right to vote and receive certain services related to your citizenship. You also might be eligible for harvesting rights.
While most people who are Métis are accepted as citizens when they apply, some other people who believe they are Métis, due to a genealogical search that shows they have an aboriginal ancestor, might not qualify. While everyone has the right to self-identify as whatever they want to identify as, simply having an aboriginal ancestor doesn't necessarily make you Métis.
For instance, if a person derives their aboriginal ancestry and community history outside the historic Métis Nation homeland, chances are that they won't qualify as Métis when they apply. This can be heartbreaking, but it's just the way it is.
So what happens if you believe you have an aboriginal ancestor and are Métis, but don't qualify according to the MNC criterion? In some cases, you can appeal the finding of the provincial Métis registry. This option is a way to present more evidence, but it doesn't necessarily mean that your evidence will be found acceptable.
Below is one such case, where a person who believed themselves to be Métis applied for citizenship, but was turned down due to lack of evidence. While they were found to have aboriginal ancestry, that ancestry was not linked to the historic Métis Nation. This individual appealed, but their appeal was denied.