The decision to declare a Métis identity doesn’t happen in a vacuum. If you are part of the Métis Nation you have every right to claim that identity and to gain citizenship with the Métis Nation. But what about when that decision is based solely on the idea that “Métis=mixed”?
When the Métis National Council argues for the drawing of boundaries around Métis identity they do not do so to be exclusive. Rather, it is done to reflect a commitment to the Métis people recognizing their nationhood and national identity. However, many people who consider themselves Métis, but who do not meet the criteria of the MNC often object—usually in one of two ways. Their first objection is almost always rooted in the racialization of the word Métis. They will argue, “If someone wants to self-identify as Métis, who are you to suggest they can’t? Why do you think you own the term Métis?” They are passionate about this, but they cannot see beyond mere blood into the intricate world of culture, history, and family bonds, nor do they understand the foundations of sovereignty under which each nation is afforded the right to determine who is and who isn’t a member of their community. Simply being similar isn’t enough. That would be like a Cree deciding they wanted to call themselves Mi'kmaq simply because both groups are Indian and having Indian blood is enough to make that claim.
The second argument is that it is unfair for those with indigenous ancestors to be excluded—especially given the fact that their plight of being unrecognized isn’t their fault, but rather is the fault of colonial racist policies and discrimination by dominant society. They say, “Who are you do deny us? We suffered and we too are indigenous“. They make their appeal based on the denial of their identity by the government and their demand for fundamental justice. However, what obligation does the MNC or any Métis Nation citizen owe them? Sure their ancestors might have been dispossessed Indigenous individuals—possibly even communities. However, just being a mixed-blood who was dispossessed or denied doesn’t make you a Métis. Just because you are unrecognized, have an indigenous ancestor, and claim indigenous identity does not give you the right to claim to be Métis. Métis identity is not something you claim simply because it seems like the only possible option?
Whatever we imagine a fair response to the unrecognized mixed-blood indigenous people of the east to be, any response must always be preceded with the fact that “Métis” refers to a distinct nation and not a catch-all for anyone with mixed-ancestry. It is a nation with membership codes that deserve to be respected. The MNC is not a place to put every disenfranchised mixed-blood person hurt by past and present Indian policy. Certainly we should sympathize with those who are the victims of colonial injustice and dispossession, but it is not our responsibility and we cannot be expected to include them at expense of eviscerating our identity and sovereignty.
The unfortunate reality of colonialism is that for centuries, non-Indigenous have chosen how indigenous people were defined. They still do this. However, those people who use the term “Métis” rather than “person of mixed ancestry” to incorrectly identify themselves are not decolonizing. They are choosing to use the colonialist definition for the term Métis to mean mixed-blood, rather than the indigenous definition which connotes the distinct and sovereign Métis Nation. Sure, Métis is a much more dignified term than simply saying that you are mixed-blood indigenous, however it is not an ethical choice to call yourself that—especially if you join one of the many new “organizations” claiming to be legitimate Métis communities. By doing so you are choosing a racialized, rather than Indigenous identity that actively harms the Métis Nation and other indigenous communities. It also helps reproduce and re-entrench racism, because if just anyone can claim to be Métis based on Métis=mixed then claiming Métis means nothing, because it falls back into the European settler idea of classifying people, rather than recognizing indigenous sovereignty.
The indigenous thing for you to do is to drop the use of the word Métis and to find and recapture your true indigenous identity. You must continue to challenge colonialism and fight for your own individual rights as indigenous people. However, you should do this on your own terms and not by infringing on the Métis Nation. Then you might find allies where you now have adversaries.
A newly released website that provides a listing of groups claiming to represent Metis people in eastern Canada and the New England region of the United States has caused some consternation among some of the groups who are listed.
Although the information linked to, and provided on the page includes readily available websites, court cases, and other information freely viewed on the worldwide web, some of these groups have taken offense to being included in this ignoble database that calls into question their validity as indigenous.
The website, www.raceshifting.com states its sourcing of information as follows:
This website is a resource for people who are concerned with or want to find out more about the rise of the so-called “Eastern Metis” in the eastern provinces (Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia) and in New England (Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine)...
The website [also] includes all of the publicly-available court documents (expert reports, testimony, interviews, membership records) that have been submitted in several of the key “Eastern Métis” court cases in Québec.
Much of the material is analyzed in Darryl Leroux’s book Distorted Descent: White Claims to Indigenous Identity, which will be available by mid-September 2019.
Metis Nation News will follow this story as it develops and if possible will obtain copies of any complaints issued by supposed Metis organizations to the authors of the website.
Colonizers Ironically Form Committee to Determine if Their Own Historical Suffering was Genocide, Completely Ignoring the Historical and Current Genocide Committed Against Aboriginal People
The Société de l'Acadie du Nouveau-Brunswick, an advocacy group that advocates for the rights of Francophones and Acadians, is forming a committee to look at whether the historicalexpulsion of Acadians should be considered a genocide.
The CBC reports that the lobbying group decided to look into the controversial issue during its annual general meeting over the weekend.
"It's just an event that has been so important in our national identity or our cultural identity," said Eric Dow, of the Société de l'Acadie du Nouveau-Brunswick.
Shockingly, the creation of the committee comes just weeks after a national inquiry for missing and murdered Indigenous women called the epidemic of crimes against indigenous women a "Canadian genocide" - a claim than many colonizers were offended by due to rampant feelings of fragility and a general disregard for indigenous people.
In 2016, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled in Daniels v. Canada (Indian Affairs and Northern Development) that Métis and non-status Indians are considered Indians under s. 91(24) of the 1982 Constitution.
So what does this actually mean for the Métis Nation and its citizens, and what does it mean for those people in Eastern Canada claiming to be Métis?
In a nutshell, the Daniels Decision says that Métis and non-status Indians are legally “Indians” under section 91(24) of the Constitution Act, 1867. This means they now fall under the federal government’s jurisdiction for various programs and actions.
The ruling makes it possible for the Federal Government to work directly with Métis and non-status Indians (as members of their particular communities) in ways that weren't possible before the ruling. While it doesn't necessarily create a new fiduciary or consultation mandate (one already exists between Indigenous communities and Canada), it does create an avenue for funding to be allocated directly from the Federal Government to Métis and non-status Indian communities
One thing that the Daniels Decision does not do is confer "status" or recognition of every individual claiming to be Métis or non-status Indian. Aboriginal/Indian status (or in this case Métis and non-status Indian status) is generally NOT an individual identity. Rather, it is a community identity that is conferred upon members of that community, which is recognized by the Federal Government as having a provable historical and contemporary existence as a verified indigenous community.
The government cannot be expected to work directly with every individual claiming to be Métis or non-status Indian, and it cannot be expected to verify or vet everyone claiming to be covered under the Daniels Decision. Therefore, things like program funding or educational assistance that may be granted to Métis and non-status Indians post-Daniels probably won't be allocated directly to individuals. Rather, funding will be allocated to organizations and communities who are verifiable as Indigenous, with the apportionment of funds and programs determined by the communities themselves.
This aspect of the ruling might seem unfair to some Métis and non-status Indians who claim indigenous status based on genealogical connections to (often) unverified ancestors (e.g. "eastern Métis"), but without some measure of control, the application of Daniels would be impossible.
It's possible to be registered as Métis in one of the regional organizations (MNO, MMF, MNS, MNA, or MNBC).
Due to the 2003, the Supreme Court of Canada judgement in R. v. Powley, a new definition was set forth, formalizing the components of a Métis definition for the purpose of claiming Aboriginal rights under section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. These are:
• Self-identification as a member of a Métis community.
• Ancestral connection to the historic Métis community whose practices ground the right in question
• Acceptance by the modern community with continuity to the historic Métis community.
As such, to be registered as Métis, you must apply to the Métis Registry operated by the MNC Governing Member in the province in which you reside. The guidelines for each vary slightly to accommodate regional nuances, but all follow the following agreed on criterion:
When you apply for citizenship as a Métis, you will receive a letter of acceptance and will be eligible for a citizenship card, with the right to vote and receive certain services related to your citizenship. You also might be eligible for harvesting rights.
While most people who are Métis are accepted as citizens when they apply, some other people who believe they are Métis, due to a genealogical search that shows they have an aboriginal ancestor, might not qualify. While everyone has the right to self-identify as whatever they want to identify as, simply having an aboriginal ancestor doesn't necessarily make you Métis.
For instance, if a person derives their aboriginal ancestry and community history outside the historic Métis Nation homeland, chances are that they won't qualify as Métis when they apply. This can be heartbreaking, but it's just the way it is.
So what happens if you believe you have an aboriginal ancestor and are Métis, but don't qualify according to the MNC criterion? In some cases, you can appeal the finding of the provincial Métis registry. This option is a way to present more evidence, but it doesn't necessarily mean that your evidence will be found acceptable.
Below is one such case, where a person who believed themselves to be Métis applied for citizenship, but was turned down due to lack of evidence. While they were found to have aboriginal ancestry, that ancestry was not linked to the historic Métis Nation. This individual appealed, but their appeal was denied.
This website is a resource for people who are concerned with or want to find out more about the rise of the so-called “Eastern Metis” in the eastern provinces (Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia) and in New England (Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine). The actual Métis are a western-based Indigenous people whose culture grew out of kinship relations with the Plains Cree, Saulteaux, Assiniboine, and Dene. The so-called “Eastern Metis” are instead an example of what is referred to as race-shifting or self-indigenization, a process that, in the case of this research project, involves white French-descendants inventing and claiming an “Indigenous” identity, often in opposition to actual Indigenous peoples.
The website includes a “storymap” that features a GIS map of all of the organizations surveyed through our project (about 75). All of the organizations are involved or have been involved in the race shifting movement, mostly since 2000. The map also includes information for all of the “Eastern Métis” court cases (almost 60) filed in Québec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia that we have identified.
The website also includes all of the publicly-available court documents (expert reports, testimony, interviews, membership records) that have been submitted in several of the key “Eastern Métis” court cases in Québec.
Much of the material is analyzed in Darryl Leroux’s book Distorted Descent: White Claims to Indigenous Identity, which will be available by mid-September 2019.
This interactive map identifies organizations that are involved in race shifting, i.e.,when white people claim an “Indigenous” identity on basis of ancestor in 1600s. Click on push-pin to find out more about each organization, or a star to find out more about court cases. (Blue pins are active organizations, red pins are inactive organizations, green pins are national organizations.)
MINISTRY OF INDIGENOUS AFFAIRS OVERINFLATES NUMBER OF METIS IN ONTARIO - INCLUDES SELF-IDENTIFIERS AND RACE SHIFTERS!!
Without any regard for the truth, the Ministry of Indigenous Affairs uses Census Canada numbers to state that there are over 120,000 Metis in Ontario - a number which certainly includes self-identified and race-shifters with no claim to being included as Metis.
One of Canada’s biggest banks threw a national spotlight onto a Paul Kane Métis advocate this week.
Paul Kane student and Métis advocate Hannah Nash was profiled in the Royal Bank of Canada’s 2019 Indigenous Partnership Report, which came out Wednesday. She was interviewed by both Global News Calgary and Windspeaker.com as a result.
The annual report details how RBC works to implement the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, said bank spokesperson William Vu. The bank wanted stories of Indigenous youths to connect to the projects they had supported, and the Métis Nation of Alberta suggested they call Nash, who was their Region 4 youth representative.
The report notes how Nash co-founded St. Albert’s Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Awareness Walk last year and had been volunteering at National Aboriginal Day events since she was four. It also notes that she hopes to become prime minister by 2046.
Nash is featured in the report’s section on Métis Crossing – a large interpretive site run by the Métis Nation of Alberta near Smoky Lake. (The bank is financing the construction of the site’s new interpretive centre.)
Nash said she has gone to many summer camps at Métis Crossing with her grandmother and siblings to learn about traditional medicines, trapping and other parts of her heritage.
“It really helped me understand what it meant to be Métis.”
Nash said Métis Crossing was an important place for Canadians to learn more about Métis culture and planned to visit it again this summer.
“There’s nothing (else) really like it for the Métis people.”
The report is available on the RBC website.
The president of the Manitoba Metis Federation is extending an olive branch to Premier Brian Pallister and his cabinet.
David Chartrand said the ball is now firmly planted in Pallister’s court after Ottawa approved the proposed $453-million Manitoba-Minnesota power transmission project on Friday.
“It’s time to move forward,” Chartrand said, adding he’s ready to sit down with Pallister. “The premier has to accept there’s opportunity here that he can get himself out of this.
“He created it. It’s back on his shoulders. He can’t blame the federal government now. He can’t blame the (Hydro) board now. He can’t blame me now. And if he doesn’t want to do it, Manitobans need to ask themselves, ‘What the hell is wrong.’ ”
Chartrand said it’s time to end the “street fight” that could potentially cost ratepayers $1 billion.
READ MORE AT: